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USA President-Elect Donald Trump has resumed official relations with Taiwan and its president Tsai Ing-wen - photo by EPA (left) / AP (right)
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USA President-Elect Donald Trump has spoken directly to Taiwan's president, Tsai Ing-wen, which is a break from USA's 1979 policy of severing officials relations with Taiwan, after he was telephoned by Taiwan.

It is believed that this phone call will greatly anger China, as it considers Taiwan to be a renegade state. 

China has hundreds and hundreds of missiles pointed directly at Taiwan, and insists that Taiwan is apart of China under their strict "One-China Policy". This "One-China Policy" has declared that there is only one China and Taiwan is only one part of China.

The USA broke official ties with Taiwan in 1979 in support of the "Once-China Policy". However, the USA has maintained friendly, yet unofficial ties with Taiwan since then.


During the call, President-Elect Trump also congratulated Ing-wen, Taiwain's first female president, on her landslide victory in the Taiwanese presidential elections in January 2016.

Trump's transition team also said that the President-Elect reaffirmed the USA's and Taiwan's "close economic, political, and security ties".



Vocabulary
to sever - to cut
renegade - someone / group that leaves the main group; a runaway

landslide - a win by a very large amount (margin)
transition team - a group of people who work for the next president to prepare for his office
transition - a change
reaffirm - to state again as being true
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2016 Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump will give his acceptance speech tonight in Cleveland, Ohio - photo from video screenshot
Republican USA presidential nominee Donald Trump told The New York Times yesterday that if he is elected president, he may drop the guarantee for protection to co-NATO states. Trump said that the USA would help NATO-countries in need of military protection only if those countries hav"fulfilled their obligations to us".

Under Article 5 of the initial NATO agreement, member countries must help those other nations that require military aid. 

While not an official response to Trump's comments, White House spokesman Josh Earnest has said that the USA's dedication to the full NATO agreement is "ironclad" and that "the president renewed that commitment just two weeks ago today when he travelled to Warsaw, Poland, to attend the NATO summit."

While no other USA official has ever suggested reneging on the NATO-deal, Trump said that he would prefer to help the USA's allies but not if those allies are not taking advantage of the USA. "We are spending a fortune on military in order to lose $800 billion. That doesn't sound very smart to me." Trump said.

Trump is set to give his Republican nominee acceptance speech in Cleveland, Ohio tonight at the final day of the Republican National Convention.


Vocabulary
drop - to stop doing something or stop having something
co- - a prefix meaning that groups work together (co- = together, with)
nominee (noun) - a party's or group's candidate selection during an election
aid (noun) - help; assistance

initial - first
spokesman - someone who speaks for someone else (here, Josh Earnest speaks for Barak Obama)
ironclad - very strong and secure
to renege - to fail to keep a promise or commitment

ally - a partner / friend when opposing / fighting another group
a fortune - too much money
to take advantage of someone - to use someone only for your own benefit or gain

is set - is ready



 
 
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Melania Trump speaks tonight at the Republican Convention - photo by Paul Sancya / AP
The 2016 Republican National Convention kicked off this morning in Cleveland, Ohio, USA and will present Donald J. Trump as the party's 2016 USA presidential election nominee.

Authorities and officials in Ohio have been concerned over the security of the event due to racial tension and to the recent gun murders of police officers during a Black Lives Matter-protest in Dallas, Texas and the gun murders of police in Baton Rouge, Louisiana yesterday. Police are also on increased alert because Ohio allows citizens to openly carry guns in public.

So far, pro-Trump and anti-Trump protesters at the event have been peaceful.

Donald Trump's wife, model and business woman, Melania Trump will headline tonight's events by giving a speech at the convention.



Vocabulary
convention (noun) - a formal meeting usually of many people
to kick off (verb) - to start an event (usually lasting some days)
party (noun) - a political group
nominee (noun) - a party's or group's candidate selection during an election
racial tension - great stress related to problems between races of people
on alert - very focused
to headline - to be the main event

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Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus opens the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on Monday- photo by Aaron Josefczyk / REUTERS
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Anti-Trump protesters at the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio - photo by Sam Hodgson / NY Times